Illustrations of American Indians
Browse 300 engravings, watercolors, and illustrations drawn from books, archival collections, and artwork from the Beinecke Library's American and European collections.
Portrait of a half-breed Cree girl, 1859
From the earliest days of contact with the native peoples of North America, European artists made images illustrating their customs, dress and living spaces. Some of the drawings showed the natives as curious specimens from another world, with peculiar habits and clothing. Others emphasized their skill at hunting or their ferocity as warriors. While some images accompanied sensationalist accounts of Indian raids on white settlers, others attempted to expose cruelties that whites had inflicted on native peoples.
This selection of illustrations from books, maps and serials shows some of the variety of approaches that European and European-American artists took in depicting the Indians of North America, from the 16th to the 19th century. Some highlights include a Characteristick Chicasaw head, circa 1775, an Aleut couple, circa 1822, and a bison chase, by George Catlin, circa 1845-65.